- CASEWORK SERVICESLaboratory services
- BPABlood Pattern Analysis
- COLD CASE REVIEWSThere is no time limit to define a cold case
- FOOTWEARFootwear and footwear marks
- FIRE INVESTIGATIONIdentifying origin, cause and development
- GLASSOne of the most common sample types to be submitted
- GSRGunshot Residue
- PAINTProvides effective, often conclusive evidence
- TEXTILES - FIBRES & DAMAGEAn important & specialised part of forensic casework
- HAIRProvides valuable clues to identity
- TYRE MARKSTyre wear and damage can provide vital evidence
- TOOLS & TOOLMARKSEach tool has a unique microscopic character
- SCENE ATTENDANCEA nationwide service
Cellmark’s ISO17025 accredited service uses some of the most advanced GSR analysis equipment in the world.
Gun Shot Residue is the collective term for the cloud of fine debris that is expelled from a firearm when a round of ammunition is discharged. It is also known as FDR (Firearms Discharge Residue) or CDR (Cartridge Discharge Residue). The cloud may contain a mixture of metallic and non-metallic particles.
Metallic particles originate from the primer charge, bullet, cartridge case and barrel. Non–metallic particles originate from the propellant, deposited as unburnt or partially burnt particles.
Only particles from the primer are considered to be characteristic of GSR. Particles from the bullet, cartridge case and barrel are either indicative or commonly associated with, but on their own are not exclusive to, GSR.
GSR particles can persist on some materials for a considerable amount of time. Forensic analysis involves the careful recovery of the microscopic metallic particles from clothing, surfaces or directly from the skin or hair of an individual. The samples are coated with a thin layer of carbon and then examined for their characteristic elemental composition and morphology using a powerful Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). Cellmark’s SEM and software is the latest generation of SEM specifically designed for the rapid analysis of GSR particles.
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GSR can provide supporting evidence for an investigation involving firearms and can help to determine:
• Whether or not a person has been exposed to the discharge of a firearm, (either by discharging a gun or being in close proximity to a discharging gun)
• Whether or not a gun was fired from or towards a particular location
• Whether or not a particular person has been in possession of or handled a gun
• Whether or not firearms have been carried or stored in vehicles
• Whether or not vehicles have been used as getaway vehicles
• Which clothing was worn by the firer
• and can assist the ballistic scientist in addressing the range and type of projectile that was used
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